Tuesday Dec 11, 2018

Introduction

In 1959, Iran joint to International Maritime Organization (IMO). IMO has more than 20 conventions. One of these conventions is known as the International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR). This convention adopted in  1979 at a conference in Hamburg and came into force 6 years later, in 1985. This convention was aimed at developing an international SAR plan, so that, the rescue of people in distress at sea will be co-ordinate by a SAR organization  and when necessary, by co-operation between neighboring SAR organization. Implementing rules and regulations of this convention make seafarers and passengers more confident about maritime safety. In addition, implementing this  convention helps to reduce risks of maritime activities as well as preventing marine pollution. Due to Iran's long coastline (more than 2500 Km), Islamic Republic of Iran was joint to SAR convention in October 26, 1968. According to IMO  standards, an independent agency should take responsibility for implementing this convention. In Islamic Republic of Iran, this task was assigned to the Ports and Maritime Organization. Therefore, this organization has established a  search and rescue center. Due to the high costs of establishing an independent search and rescue center, this center was established with the co-operation of division and state agencies.
Definitions
Distress Situation – it is a situation in the vessel or flight unit that posses an immediate risk to health, life, property, or environment and require an urgent intervention to prevent worsening of the situation.
VHF Channel – it is a frequency of VHF with a special changeable number (channel 16 VHF is used as an international distress frequency).
Coastal Situation – it is a station equipped with marine communication equipments.
MAYDAY – it is an emergency word used internationally as a distress signal.
Types of Message:
1. Distress Message;
2. Emergency Message;
3. Safety Message.
Distress Message – a distress message or signal indicates that a group of people is threatened by the risk of death. Use of distress signals in other circumstances may be against local or international laws. It is very important to make distinguish between a distress situation and emergency situation. In a distress situation, all people are threatened by the risk of death; but in an emergency situation, they don't.
Distress Message Format
Speak slowly and clearly … call: "MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY, This is (vessel call sign and name must be repeated three times). Then follow with other situational and necessary information.
For example:
MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY
This is (name of ship). This is (name of ship). This is (name of ship).
Position
Necessary information (type of danger)
I need immediate assistance.
Over

Necessary Devices and Bands for Sending a Distress Message

 

DSC (KHz)

Radiotelephone (KHz)

Radiotelex (KHz)

VHF

Channel 70

Channel 16

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MF

5.2187

2182

5.2174

HF4

5.4207

4125

5.4177

HF6

6312

6215

6268

HF8

5.8414

8291

5.8376

HF12

12577

12290

12520

HF16

5.16804

16420

16695


Area 1 – in the area 1, distance of vessel from coastal situation must be between 30 to 50 nautical miles. Area 1 is within the VHF radio range.
Area 2 - in the area 2, distance of vessel from coastal situation must be between 50 to 250 nautical miles. Area 2 is within the MF radio range.
Area 3 – this area is defined as 3 to 70 degrees in the north and south and is within the HF radio range.
Area 4 – this area is defined as 70 degrees north and 70 degrees south.

Devices Can be Used in Above – Mentioned Areas

Area

Radio

Frequency

EPIRB

Rescue Vessels

Area 1

VHF

25.156 MHz (Channel 70) for DSC. 8.156

MHz (Channel 16) for radiotelephone

406 MHz, 1.6 GHz for L-Bands

9 GHz, Transponder (SART), and portable VHFs (Channel 16)

Area 2

MF – VHF

2187.5 KHz for DSC

2182 KHz for radiotelephone

2174.5 KHz for NBDP

518 KHz for NAVTEX

406 MHz, 1.6 GHz for L - Bands

9 GHz, Transponder (SART), and portable VHFs (Channel 16)

Area 3

VHF – MF – SATTELITE OR HF

A1 + A2 + HF frequencies

406 MHz, 1.6 GHz for L – Bands

9 GHz, Transponder (SART), and portable VHFs (Channel 16)

Area 4

VHF – MF - HF

 

406 MHz

9 GHz, Transponder (SART), and portable VHFs (Channel 16)



International Distress Signals

 Contact Information of SAR Centers

Name of the Center

Phone Number

Fax Number

Shahid Rajaee Port

07614514032 – 34

07614514036

Qeshm Port

07635225272

07635227228

Lengeh Port

07622240387

07622242844-5

07622240387

Abumusa

07636223335 – 6

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Jask

07665222392

07665222391

07665222394

07665222790

Lavan

09188115063   Mr. Bagheri

09122047434    Mr. Gandomi

09179478784    Mr. Dehghani

02133130161

07644493572

07644493231

07644493431


Kish Port

07644450833

07644450833


Seafarers are required to check following items to have a safe journey:
1. Check all rescue equipments like life jackets, lifeboats, and life rings;
2. Check radars, GPSs, and VAKI TAKIs;
3. Check the engine;
4. Check the rudder and rudder system;
5. Check onboard lights;
6. Check discharge pump;
7. Check the fuel;
8. Control the weather report;
9. Having the necessary maps;
10.Having map rulers.
Search and Rescue Center of Shahid Rajaee Port is developed to become a main and regional SAR Center.